As the most exposed part of the knee joint, the kneecap (patella) transmits the force of the thigh muscle to the lower leg in every flexion and rotation position. To perform this task, the patella must be very mobile, while at the same time being stably guided in the joint and able to withstand high compressive and tensile forces without pain.
The balance of these different functions can be disturbed by many factors. Not only accidents, such as dislocations of the kneecap, are possible as a triggering cause, but also chronic instabilities, incorrect loads, changes in the normal sliding path of the kneecap (patella) and anatomical norm variants.
For further details on this topic, in particular the special aspects of indication, surgical technique and follow-up treatment, please click on the doctors below.